Women and 'the alternative public sphere': toward a new definition of women's activism and the separate spheres in East-Central Europe

TitleWomen and 'the alternative public sphere': toward a new definition of women's activism and the separate spheres in East-Central Europe
Publication TypeJournal Article
AuthorsPető, A., and J. Szapor
Journal titleNordic Journal of Feminist and Gender Research
Year2004
Pages172 - 181
Volume12
Issue3
Abstract

In the years following the end of the cold war in 1989, Western feminist scholars and activists expressed disappointment in the failure of the newly democratic Eastern and Central European countries to sustain mainstream women's rights movements and achieve a marked increase in women's participation within the new political parties and political life in general. The authors, historians of Hungarian women's movements with a broad East-West perspective, offer a novel explanation for this phenomenon. Following an outline of the main stages of Hungarian women's movements and women's political participation, they focus on two instances in twentieth-century Hungarian history that resulted in a rapid transition from anti-democratic regimes to liberal, parliamentary systems: the 1918 bourgeois democratic revolution and the 1990 re-introduction of free parliamentary elections. Examining these two turning points in recent Hungarian history, separated by 70 years, as case studies of women's activism, the authors propose a new, critical re-evaluation of the notion of separate spheres, offering a timely if co-incidental comment on the recent debate in the Journal of Women's History . 2 Research for this article had been completed by the time of the publication of the Spring 2003 issue of the Journal of Women's History, 15 (1), devoted to 'Rethinking Public and Private'. (Author) (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)

Languageeng
Notes

Accession Number: MFS-15963912; Petö, Andrea 1; Email Address: petoand@axelero.hu; Szapor, Judith 2; Email Address: jszapor@uottawa.ca; Affiliations: 1: Professor, Department of Political Science, University of Miskolc, Department of Gender Studies, Central European University, Budapest ; 2: Assistant Professor, Department of History, University of Ottawa ; Source Info: Dec 2004, Vol. 12 Issue 3, p172; Note: DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08038740410004623; Note: Publisher Information: Routledge.; Subject Term: WOMEN in politics; Subject Term: WOMEN -- Social conditions; Subject Term: WOMEN'S rights; Subject Term: POLITICAL activists; Subject Term: POLITICAL participation; Subject Term: SOCIAL movements; Subject Term: FEMINISM; Subject Term: EUROPE; Number of Pages: 10p; Document Type: Article

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Unit: 
Department of Gender Studies