Seeing the World From Others’ Perspective: 14-Month-Olds Show Altercentric Modulation Effects by Others’ Beliefs

TitleSeeing the World From Others’ Perspective: 14-Month-Olds Show Altercentric Modulation Effects by Others’ Beliefs
Publication TypeJournal Article
AuthorsKampis, D., and Ágnes Melinda Kovács
Journal titleOpen Mind
Year2022
Pages189-207
Volume5
Abstract

Humans have a propensity to readily adopt others’ perspective, which often influences their behavior even when it seemingly should not. This altercentric influence has been widely studied in adults, yet we lack an understanding of its ontogenetic origins. The current studies investigated whether 14-month-olds’ search in a box for potential objects is modulated by another person’s belief about the box’s content. We varied the person’s potential belief such that in her presence/absence an object was removed, added, or exchanged for another, leading to her true/false belief about the object’s presence (Experiment 1, n = 96); or transformed into another object, leading to her true/false belief about the object’s identity (i.e., the objects represented under a specific aspect, Experiment 2, n = 32). Infants searched longer if the other person believed that an object remained in the box, showing an altercentric influence early in development. These results suggest that infants spontaneously represent others’ beliefs involving multiple objects and raise the possibility that infants can appreciate that others encode the world under a unique aspect.

LanguageEnglish
DOIhttps://doi.org/10.1162/opmi_a_00050
Publisher linkhttps://direct.mit.edu/opmi/article/doi/10.1162/opmi_a_00050/108986/Seeing-the-World-From-Others-Perspective-14-Month?utm_source=miragenews&utm_medium=miragenews&utm_campaign=news