The State, Internationalization, and Capitalist Diversity in Eastern Europe

TitleThe State, Internationalization, and Capitalist Diversity in Eastern Europe
Publication TypeJournal Article
AuthorsBohle, D., and B. Greskovits
Journal titleCompetition and Change
Pages89 - 115

This article contributes to the debate on varieties of capitalism in Eastern Europe in three ways. First, four types of capitalist regimes that differ in particular institutional configurations and performances are empirically identified: the state-crafted neoliberalism of the Baltic States, the more directly world-market driven neoliberalism of the CIS countries, the embedded neoliberalism of the Visegrad countries, and neo-corporatism in Slovenia. Second, the diversity of capitalist regimes--is explained as a result of the complex interplay of external factors--specifically world commodity and financial markets, international institutions and foreign direct investment--and different state capacities to implement reform choices. Third, caution is given against an uncritical application of the dominant approach of comparative political economy, varieties of capitalism, since it is ill suited to study the emergence of institutions, their international embeddedness, and the semiperipheral character of East European capitalisms.


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Department of International Relations
Department of Political Science
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