Thinking About Justice: A Traditional Philosophical Framework

TitleThinking About Justice: A Traditional Philosophical Framework
Publication TypeBook Chapter
AuthorsRippon, Simon, Miklos Zala, Tom Theuns, Sem de Maagt, and Bert van den Brink
EditorsKnijn, Trudie, and Dorota Lepianka
Book TitleJustice and Vulnerability in Europe: An Interdisciplinary Approach
Year2020
Pages16-36
PublisherEdward Elgar Publishing Ltd
Place of PublicationNorthampton
LanguageEnglish
ISBN Number978-1-83910-847-1
DOIhttps://doi.org/10.4337/9781839108488.00009
Publisher linkhttps://doi.org/10.4337/9781839108488.00009
Abstract

This chapter describes a philosophical approach to theorizing justice, mapping out some main strands of the tradition leading up to contemporary political philosophy. We first briefly discuss what distinguishes a philosophical approach to justice from other possible approaches to justice, by explaining the normative focus of philosophical theories of justice – that is, a focus on questions not about how things actually are, but about how things ought to be. Next, we explain what sorts of methods philosophers use to justify theories of justice. Following this, in the longest section, we highlight major questions about justice that have drawn the attention of philosophers, and indicate how competing conceptions of justice have arisen from differing answers to these questions. The goal here is not to answer but to elucidate some of the larger questions about justice, as well as to establish a framework for understanding and distinguishing different kinds of claims about justice and some of the relations between them.KEYWORDS:Justice, political philosophy, normative theory, methods, theory of justice

Unit: 
Department of Philosophy
School of Public Policy (SPP)
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