The politics of human nature

TitleThe politics of human nature
Publication TypeBook Chapter
AuthorsKronfeldner, Maria
EditorsTibayrenc, M., and F. J. Ayala
Book TitleOn human nature: Evolution, diversity, psychology, ethics, politics and religion
Year2016
Pages625-632
PublisherAcademic Press
Place of PublicationSan Diego
DOIhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-420190-3.00036-3
Publisher linkhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780124201903000363
Abstract

Human nature is a concept that transgresses the boundary between science and society and between fact and value. It is as much a political concept as it is a scientific one. This chapter will cover the politics of human nature by using evidence from history, anthropology and social psychology. The aim is to show that an important political function of the vernacular concept of human nature is social demarcation (inclusion/exclusion): it is involved in regulating who is ‘us’ and who is ‘them.’ It is a folk concept that is used for dehumanization, for denying (a) membership in humankind or (b) full humanness to certain people in order to include or exclude them from various forms of politically relevant aspects of human life, such as rights, power, etc.

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