Influence of Eye Gaze on Spoken Word Processing: An ERP Study With Infants

TitleInfluence of Eye Gaze on Spoken Word Processing: An ERP Study With Infants
Publication TypeJournal Article
AuthorsParise, E., Andrea Handl, Letizia Palumbo, and Angela D. Friederici
Journal titleChild Development
Year2011
Pages842–853
Volume82
Abstract

Eye gaze is an important communicative signal, both as mutual eye contact and as referential gaze to objects. To examine whether attention to speech versus nonspeech stimuli in 4- to 5-month-olds (n = 15) varies as a function of eye gaze, event-related brain potentials were used. Faces with mutual or averted gaze were presented in combination with forward- or backward-spoken words. Infants rapidly processed gaze and spoken words in combination. A late Slow Wave suggests an interaction of the 2 factors, separating backward-spoken word + direct gaze from all other conditions. An additional experiment (n = 15) extended the results to referential gaze. The current findings suggest that interactions between visual and auditory cues are present early in infancy.

Languageeng
DOI10.1111/j.1467-8624.2010.01573.x
Publisher linkhttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?db=pubmed&cmd=Retrieve&dopt=AbstractPlus&list_uids=21410929
Unit: 
Cognitive Development Center (CDC)
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