Kína és a kinaiak a magyar sajtóban, 1945-2000

TitleKína és a kinaiak a magyar sajtóban, 1945-2000
Publication TypeJournal Article
AuthorsVidra, Zsuzsanna
Journal titleKisebbségkutatás

The image of China and the Chinese people in the Hungarian press, 1945–2000
How is China represented in the Hungarian press before and after 1989? How are the
Chinese people depicted in the same periods? Newspaper articles will be analyzed by using
qualitative methodology focusing on the major discourses that characterize each period.
The most important findings are that before 1989 China is represented either as a
friend or an enemy depending on the current political situation of the time – mainly its
relationship to the Soviet Union. The Chinese people do not appear almost ever in any
article. Besides China being a political friend or enemy, sometimes tribute is paid to the
country in reports written by ambassadors or some political delegation members visiting
the country. They all admire the exoticism of the place. The political changes of 1989 generate
a completely new image. It is not the country any more that is represented but the
people who come to live and work in the new Hungary. Two opposing images develop
over the time: the loveable but naïve Chinese stranger and the menacing criminal
stranger. The latter embodies all the fear that we feel as a result of the opening of the borders.
Now we are exposed to the world, to the sometimes fearful effects of globalization.
These strangers appear even scarier to us since in their media representation they are
most of the time de-contextualized, the reader is not given any information or explanation
as to their origin, the reasons why they have come, etc. The wider context of the Chinese
economic and political transformation is not accounted for nor is globalzation.

Publisher linkhttp://www.epa.hu/00400/00462/00027/pdf/05tan05.pdf
Center for Policy Studies (CPS)