On some modal similarities between the -vat infinitival predicates and the partitive objects

TitleOn some modal similarities between the -vat infinitival predicates and the partitive objects
Publication TypeConference Proceedings
Year2010
AuthorsTamm, A.
EditorOszkó, Beatrix, and Mária Sipos
Conference NameOnline Proceedings of Word Categories (SzóOSZTÁLYtalálkozó)
SeriesBudapesti Uráli Mühely (BUM)
Volume5
Pages1-14
Date Published2010
PublisherMTA Nyelvtudomány Intézete
LanguageEnglish
Abstract

This paper discusses the Estonian vat-form, which has both nominal and verbal properties. Its use as the main predicate of the sentence speaks for an analysis as a verb. However, the restrictions on agreement – the inability to inflect for person and number – indicate the historical infinitival or nominal character of that form. Facts about the historical origins as a partitive-marked personal or impersonal present participle, which still retains some of its partitive semantics as discussed in this paper, lead to a historical nominal analys2is of the vat-form. The paper studies the relation between aspect and evidentiality and wishes to point out that the phenomena related to the vat-form sentences show that partitive marking has pervaded the Estonian Tense-Aspect-Mood system more deeply than previously assumed. The partitive marking on predicates and objects is a unique phenomenon that allows us to understand the relations between the mood, modality, and aspect categories from a new angle.

Publisher linkhttp://fgrtort.nytud.hu/images/stories/bum5/BUM5_AnneTamm.pdf