Publications of Sabirianova, K.Z.

Earle JS, Sabirianova KZ. Understanding employment: level, composition, and flows. In: Rashid M, et al, editors. The Russian labor Market: Moving from crisis to recovery. Washington, D.C.: World Bank; in press/forthcoming. p. 1-43.
Earle JS, Sabirianova KZ. Understanding wages: structure, uncertainty, and inequality. In: ..., editor. The Russian labor market: moving from crisis to recovery. Washington, D.C.: World Bank; in press/forthcoming. p. 45-102.

Community norms and organizational practices: the legitimization of wage arrears in Russia, 1992-1999

What role do community norms play in the diffusion and persistence of new organizational practices? We explore this question through an examination of the widespread practice of wage arrears, the late and nonpayment of wages, in Russia during the 1990s. Existing research on wage arrears most often examines this practice as a means of flexible wage adjustment under difficult economic conditions. We develop an alternative theory that explains wage arrears through their acceptance as a legitimate form of organizational behavior within local communities. Our empirical analysis finds some support for the neoclassical position that wage arrears reflect adjustment to negative shocks, but this perspective fails to account for a number of important facts, including a high level of arrears among apparently successful firms. In contrast, our results find strong support for the institutional perspective. The statistical analysis demonstrates powerful and robust community effects both in firm adoption of this practice, controlling for firm performance, liquidity, and fixed firm effects, and in workers' reaction to arrears, through their quit (exit) and strike (voice) behavior.

How late to pay? Understanding wage arrears in Russia

We organize an empirical analysis of Russian wage arrears around hypotheses concerning incentives for firms to pay late and for workers to tolerate late payment. Nationally representative household panel data matched with employer data show that arrears are positively related to firm age, size, state ownership, and declining performance. Constrained multinomial logit estimates reveal intrafirm variation related to job tenure and small shareholdings in the firm. Wage arrears, unlike wage cuts, have a theoretically ambiguous effect on workers' quit behavior, and we show empirically that the effect varies negatively with the extent of the practice in the local labor market.

How late to pay? Understanding wage arrears in Russia

We organize an empirical analysis of Russian wage arrears around hypotheses concerning factors that create incentives for firms to pay late and for workers to tolerate late payment, both reinforced by a prevalent environment of overdue wages. Our analysis draws upon nationally representative household panel data matched with employer data to show substantial interfirm variation with the probability of arrears positively related to firm age, size, state ownership, and declining performance. Estimation of a constrained multinomial logit model also reveals intrafirm variation related to job tenure and small shareholdings in the firm. Workers tend to have higher arrears in rural regions with low hiring rates, concentrated labor markets, and more prevalent arrears in the past. We argue that wage arrears, unlike wage cuts, have a theoretically ambiguous effect on workers' quit behavior, and we show empirically that the effect varies negatively with the extent of the practice in the local labor market.

Berger MC, Earle JS, Sabirianova KZ. Worker training in a restructuring economy: Evidence from the Russian transition. In: ed Polachek SW, editor. Worker wellbeing in a changing labor market. London and New York: Elsevier Science JAI; 2001. p. 159-90.
Earle JS, Sabirianova KZ. Understanding wage arrears in Russia. Stockholm: Stockholm Institute of Transition Economics and East European Economies; 1999.