Publications of Violetta Zentai

Zentai V. National Roma Inclusion Policies in Central and Eastern Europe: Diverging Learning Paths with Residual Outcomes. In: Batory A, Cartwright A, Stone D, editors. Policy Experiments, Failures and Innovations: Beyond Accession In Central and Eastern Europe. Edward Elgar Publishing; in press/forthcoming.
Bartha A, Fedyuk O, Zentai V. Low-skilled migration: immigrant workers in European domestic care. In: Beblavy M, Maselli I, Veselkova M, editors. Green, Pink, or Silver II. The Future of Labor in Europe. Center for European Policy Studies; 2015.

Faces and Causes of Roma Marginalization in Local Contexts: Hungary, Romania, Serbia

The Faces and Causes of Roma Marginalization in Local Communities research endeavor explored the key factors perpetuating Roma marginalization at the municipal and community level in three countries of Central and Eastern Europe: Hungary, Romania and Serbia. It sought to analyze the economic, political, demographic, and social forces at local level which shape practices and consequences of social exclusion and potential pathways to inclusion. A multi-layered approach was designed to implement this research idea: the locality (municipality) of ethnically mixed communities composed the first level; the Roma communities, neighborhoods or segments of selected localities were examined as the second level; and interethnic relations within the selected localities were identified as the third level of the research approach. This volume presents the country studies and a comparative analysis about local communities that mobilize a variety of means and actions to either maintain clear-cut ethnic distinctions or to move toward a certain degree of inclusion.

Szalai J. Roma Marginalization and Exclusion in a Comparative Perspective. In: Szalai J, Zentai V, editors. Faces and Causes of Roma Marginalization in Local Contexts: Hungary, Romania, Serbia. Budapest: Central European University; 2014. 41. (CPS Books).

Roma Marginalization and Exclusion in a Comparative Perspective

The "Faces and Causes of Roma Marginalization in Local Communities" inquiry explored the economic, political, demographic, and social forces at municipal and community level which shape practices and consequences of social exclusion and potential pathways to inclusion. Phase 2 of this research focused on a representative sample of municipalities (20–30 per country) in Hungary, Romania, and Serbia to explore basic local social services and infrastructure provisions, conditions of political participation of the Roma, and local interventions targeting Roma inclusion. This research phase relied on structured field research collecting both quantitative and qualitative data.

Varadi M, Virag T. Faces and Causes of Roma Marginalization: Experiences from Hungary. In: Szalai J, Zentai V, editors. Faces and Causes of Roma Marginalization in Local Contexts: Hungary, Romania, Serbia. Budapest: Central European University; 2014. 33. (CPS Books).

Faces and Causes of Roma Marginalization: Experiences from Hungary

The "Faces and Causes of Roma Marginalization in Local Communities" inquiry explored the economic, political, demographic, and social forces at municipal and community level which shape practices and consequences of social exclusion and potential pathways to inclusion. Phase 2 of this research focused on a representative sample of municipalities (20–30 per country) in Hungary, Romania, and Serbia to explore basic local social services and infrastructure provisions, conditions of political participation of the Roma, and local interventions targeting Roma inclusion. This research phase relied on structured field research collecting both quantitative and qualitative data. This short country report is based on the Final Country Report on the Faces and Causes of Roma Marginalization in Hungary, edited in June 2013 by Tünde Virág, with contributions from Márton Czirfusz, Katalin Kovács, Szilvia Rézműves, Gyöngyi Schwarcz, András Száraz, Dezső Szegedi, Gergely Tagai, Annamária Uzzoli, Monika Mária Váradi, and Zsuzsa Vidra. Katalin Fehér and Anna Hamar also contributed to the fieldwork.

Vincze E. Faces and Causes of Roma Marginalization: Experiences from Romania. In: Szalai J, Zentai V, editors. Faces and Causes of Roma Marginalization in Local Contexts: Hungary, Romania, Serbia. Budapest: Central European University; 2014. 31. (CPS Books).

Faces and Causes of Roma Marginalization: Experiences from Romania

The "Faces and Causes of Roma Marginalization in Local Communities" inquiry explored the economic, political, demographic, and social forces at municipal and community level which shape practices and consequences of social exclusion and potential pathways to inclusion. Phase 2 of this research focused on a representative sample of municipalities (20–30 per country) in Hungary, Romania, and Serbia to explore basic local social services and infrastructure provisions, conditions of political participation of the Roma, and local interventions targeting Roma inclusion. This research phase relied on structured field research collecting both quantitative and qualitative data. This short country report is based on the Final Country Report on the Faces and Causes of Roma Marginalization in Romania, edited in June 2013 by Enikő Vincze, with contributions from Cătălin Dîrțu, Adrian-Nicolae Furtună, Margareta Herțanu, Iulia-Elena Hossu, Elena Mihalache, Rafaela Maria Muraru, Florina Pop, Mihaela Preda, and Daniel Tudora. The Short Country report is also co-authored by this group in the sense that these colleagues collected and processed the field data. However, overall interpretation and presentation of the data was done by Enikő Vincze (the coordinator of the Romanian research team), therefore, this report is single-authored. The text refers to "us/we" or "I" according to fieldwork knowledge or interpretation. The Romanian research team also included Ramona Făcăleț, Andrei Mihail Tudor and Elena Trifan (as a volunteer) at the level of localities, and Nicolae Arsene, Violeta Dumitru, Victor Făcăleț, Marcela Șerban and Alina Tuța at the county level.

Cvejić S. Faces and Causes of Roma Marginalization: Experiences from Serbia. In: Szalai J, Zentai V, editors. Faces and Causes of Roma Marginalization in Local Contexts: Hungary, Romania, Serbia. Budapest: Central European University; 2014. 31. (CPS Books).

Faces and Causes of Roma Marginalization: Experiences from Serbia

The "Faces and Causes of Roma Marginalization in Local Communities" inquiry explored the economic, political, demographic, and social forces at municipal and community level which shape practices and consequences of social exclusion and potential pathways to inclusion. Phase 2 of this research focused on a representative sample of municipalities (20–30 per country) in Hungary, Romania, and Serbia to explore basic local social services and infrastructure provisions, conditions of political participation of the Roma, and local interventions targeting Roma inclusion. This research phase relied on structured field research collecting both quantitative and qualitative data. This short country report is based on the Final Country Report on the Faces and Causes of Roma Marginalization in Serbia, edited in June 2013 by Slobodan Cvejić, with contributions from Irena Petrović, Dunja Poleti, Marjan Muratović and Nenad Vladisavljev who assisted in data collection and processing. The following individuals conducted field research: Dejan Živković, Dejan Raimović, Goran Jumerović, Goran Lakatuš and Milica Pavel, under the leadership of Marjan Muratović and Nenad Vladisavljev.

Capitalism from Outside? Economic Cultures in Eastern Europe after 1989

Does capitalism emerging in Eastern Europe need as solid ethnic or spiritual foundations as some other “Great Transformations” in the past? Apparently, one can become an actor of the new capitalist game without belonging to the German, Jewish, or, to take a timely example, Chinese minority. Nor does one have to go to a Protestant church every Sunday, repeat Confucian truisms when falling asleep, or study Adam Smith’s teachings on the virtues of the market in a business course. He/she may just follow certain quasi-capitalist routines acquired during communism and import capitalist culture (more exactly, various capitalist cultures) in the form of down-to-earth cultural practices embedded in freshly borrowed economic and political institutions. Does capitalism come from outside? Why do then so many analysts talk about hybridization? This volume offers empirical insights into the current cultural history of the Eastern European economies in three fields: entrepreneurship, state governance and economic science. The chapters are based on large case studies prepared in the framework of an eight-country research project (funded by the European Commission, and directed jointly by the Center for Public Policy at the Central European University and the Institute for Human Sciences) on East-West cultural encounters in the ex-communist economies.

Krizsan A, Zentai V. Institutionalizing Intersectionality in Central and Eastern Europe: Hungary, Poland, Romania and Slovenia. In: Institutionalizing Intersectionality. The Changing Nature of European Equality Regimes. Basingstoke: Palgrave MacMillan; 2012. p. 179-208. (Gender and Politics).
Zentai V. The Rise of a Banking Empire in Central and Eastern Europe. Raiffeisen International. In: Zentai V, Kovacs JM, editors. Capitalism from Outside? Economic Cultures in Eastern Europe after 1989. Budapest: Central European University Press; 2012. 351.
Zentai V, Szabo M. How French are the French Multinational Companies in Hungary? In: Contrepois S, Delteil V, editors. Globalizing employment relations : multinational firms and Central and Eastern Europe transitions. New York: Palgrave MacMillan; 2010. p. 134-50.

Gender Equality Policy or Gender Mainstreaming? The Case of Hungary on the Road to an Enlarged Europe

The aim of this article is to analyze some of the core conceptual and implementation issues underpinning the process of introducing gender mainstreaming strategy in Hungary. It examines the approach of Hungarian policy makers to gender mainstreaming and evaluates the political framing of some crucial aspects of gender equality. Our argument in this article is twofold. First, we observe that the concept of gender mainstreaming as a cross-sectoral and comprehensive policy tool for achieving gender equality has only been sporadically present and this has mostly been located at the rhetorical level. Hungary has no comprehensive gender equality strategy and no distinctive gender equality policy instruments currently in place. Rather, the promotion of equal opportunity on all grounds has become a powerful policy approach in the last two to three years, often neglecting the specific requirements of gender equality. Secondly, we argue that the influence of the European Union (EU) accession process has had two stages, as far as gender equality policy is concerned in Hungary. The first stage, has referred primarily to the de jure harmonization of Hungarian legislation with relevant EU directives, but has brought very little harmonization at the policy level, and brought limited de facto realization of the rights imposed by the directives. The second stage, identified from mid-2003, is coterminous with Hungary joining the different EU level policy processes. This second stage signaled a shift from legislative harmonization to a more focused policy approach. This stage may be characterized as a direct process of EU-isation on Hungarian policy concepts and tools, such as gender mainstreaming. However, it is too early to judge the practical implications of this development.

Faces of Local Democracy. Zentai V, Soós G, editors. Budapest: Local Government and Public Reform Initiative, OSI; 2005.
Zentai V, Krizsan A, Toth H. National report on Hungary. In: Cruells M, Igareda N, editors. Women, Integration and Prison. Barcelona: Aurea Editores; 2005. p. 135-58.
Krizsan A, Zentai V. From Civil Society to Policy Research. The Case of the Soros Network and Its Roma Policies. In: Stone D, Maxwell S, editors. Bridges Across Boundaries: Global Knowledge Networks and International Development. London and New York: Routledge; 2004. p. 168-84.
Krizsan A, Zentai V. Introduction. In: Krizsan A, Zentai V, editors. Reshaping Globalization. Multilateral Dialogues and New Policy Initiatives. Budapest: CEU Press; 2003. p. 17-40. (CPS Publications).
Csaba L. Globalization and Economic Systems: A Homogeneity Test. In: Krizsan A, Zentai V, editors. Reshaping Globalization: Multilateral Dialogues and New Policy Initiatives. Budapest: CEU Press; 2003. p. 197-217. (CPS Books).
Zentai V, Peteri G. Lessons on Successful Reform Management. In: Peteri G, editor. Mastering Decentralization and Public Administration Reform in CEE. Budapest: Local Government and Public Service Reform Initiative, OSI; 2002. p. 13-30.
Zentai V. Loss or Overproduction of Culture. In: Nikitsch H, Niedermüller P, Köstlin K, editors. Die Wende als Wende : Orientierungen Europäischer Ethnologien nach 1989. Vienna: Universitat Wien; 2002. p. 110-21. (Veroffentlichungen de Institut für Europaische Ethnologie ).
Zentai V. Átkelés a nyitott társadalomba (Trespass to an Open Society). In: Kovács JM, editor. Zárva várt Nyugat (Long-Awaited Encounters with the West). Budapest: Sik Kiado; 2002. p. 383-406.
Zentai V. Negotiating Culture of Capitalism in Hungary. In: "Politics of Culture: East and West". Institute for Human Science, Vienna: Institute for Human Science, Vienna.; 1999.
Zentai V. Politikai antropológia: a politika antropológiája (Political Anthropology: The Anthropology of Politics). In: Politikai antropológia. Szöveggyűjtemény. Budapest: Láthatatlan Kollégium-Osiris; 1997. p. 9-36.
Zentai V, Gy. E. Environmental Policy in Hungary. In: Environmental Policies in East and West. London: Taylor Graham; 1987. p. 213-35.