Publications of Eliassen, K.A.

Sitter N. What does EU Energy Policy Mean for the Climate. In: Eliassen KA, Stoknes PE, editors. Science-Based Activism: Festschrift for Jørgen Randers.; 2015.
Sitter N. The Awkward Subject? The Study of European Union Politics in the UK and Ireland. In: Eliassen KA, Bindi F, editors. The Development of European Integration Studies in Political Science. European Press; 2011.

Ever Closer Cooperation? The Limits of the 'Norwegian Method' of European Integration

The 'No' majorities in two referendums on European Community/Union (EC/EU) membership have set clear formal limits to Norway's participation in European integration. However, pro-EU parliamentary majorities have tended to produce governments that seek as close cooperation with the EU as possible. This involves a kind of quasi-membership of the EU, particularly in the light of cooperation beyond the limits of the European Economic Area (EEA). The result has been a 'Norwegian method' of European integration that combines access to the Single Market with efforts to 'purchase' participation in other policy areas and adapt to changing EU policies, legislation and treaties. Given the supranational character of the EU's Single Market rules, this kind of quasi-membership goes considerably further than non-members' participation in most other international organisations. Although the EEA system has worked to the parties' satisfaction, Norway's efforts to keep up with a changing Single Market, maintain the institutions in the face of treaty change and enlargement, and accommodate new developments pertaining to the EU's second and third pillars represent considerable challenges to the Norwegian method of integration.

Sitter N, Eyre S. From PTT to NRA: Towards a New Regulatory Regime in Europe? In: Eliassen KA, Sjøvaag M, editors. European Telecommunications Liberalisation: Too Good to be True? Routledge; 1999. p. 39-53.