Publications of Shattuck, J.

Shattuck J. Secrecy on Campus. Journal of College and University Law. 1993;19(3):217-26.

Secrecy on Campus

Universities experience pressures for secrecy in research, often imposed by the government, for national security reasons. Institutions face major policy issues regarding sponsorship of research, conflicts of interest, and intellectual property rights. However, universities are urged to consider that the free flow of information is vital to the academic enterprise. (Author/MSE)

A Presidential Initiative on Information Policy. Number 7

Two trends have inhibited the development of information and ideas, which are vital resources in a modern technological society, First, the Federal Government is engaged in efforts to control the flow of scientific and technical information (STI) to make it less accessible to foreign competitors and hostile nations. Second, the role of government in collecting, maintaining, and publishing information has been curtailed because of reduced federal spending on information resources. The President's policy agendas should include an initiative on information policy with special programs focusing on science, the economy, and national security. The following elements would be included in such an initiative: (1) a review of the system for classifying information; (2) a review of export controls and related restrictions on the communication of unclassified STI; (3) steps to give Congress and the public time to comment on proposed executive orders and national security directives; (4) interagency deliberations to develop guidelines that protect against undue government control over the content and conclusions of federally sponsored research; (5) actions to limit the role of the Office of Management and Budget; (6) revisions in the Freedom of Information Act to facilitate access to government information; and (7) authorization for the Secretary of Defense to curb inappropriate secrecy in agency budgets. (SD)

The Right to Know: Public Access to Federal Information in the 1980s

Examines government information controls in the context of the constitutional and statutory tradition of open access to government information. The restrictive climate in which the Reagan administration views public access--particularly access to scientific and technical information--is discussed, and likely long-term effects of these policies are considered. (five references) (MES)

The dangers of information control

This paper examines a series of new government rules which has limited the free exchange of information and ideas in the US. The author argues that these rules restrain academic freedom, hamper technological progress, and undermine democratic decision-making. The author focuses on how the Reagan administration has expanded the idea of national security and new efforts to control exports and reduce paperwork also have dangerous side-effects on information.

Federal restrictions on the free flow of academic information and ideas

Recent actions of the federal government which regulate information transfer and their possible impact on academic freedom within universities are considered. The regulatory policies discussed encompass prepublication review and classification of research reports, limiting access of foreign scholars to U.S. universities, and limiting the dissemination of unclassified information

Harvard Report: Freedom of Scholars to Exchange Ideas is "Essential." Text of "Federal Restrictions on the Free Flow of Academic Information and Ideas."

The text of a report written by a Harvard University administrator concerning federal regulation of the flow of research results addresses issues of prepublication review and research contract restraints, a trend toward increased security classification of information, imposition of export controls on research, and restrictions on foreign scholars. (MSE)

An Egalitarian Interpretation of the First Amendment

Argues that First Amendment clauses in the Bill of Rights concerning "freedom of speech or of the press" are separate but parallel clauses intended to protect unique functions of different segments of the public, including the press. Cites Supreme Court decisions that represent an attack on the autonomous functioning of the press. (Author/MJL)