Publications of Choyke, A.M.

Choyke AM. Grandmother’s Awl: Individual and Collective Memory through Material Culture. In: Barbiera I, Choyke AM, Rasson J, editors. Materializing Memory, Archaeological Material Culture and the Semantics of the Past. Oxford: Archeopress; 2009. p. 21-40. (BAR International Series; no 1977).
Choyke AM. Cut to fit: comparing Roman Period and medieval bone workshop debris from urban areas. In: Bartosiewicz L, Gál E, editors. Csontvázak a szekrényből Válogatott tanulmányok a Magyar Archaeozoológusok Visegrádi Találkozóinak anyagából 2002–2009. Budapest: Martin Opitz Kiadó; 2009. p. 235-50.
Choyke AM. MADness. In: Jaritz G, editor. Medium Aevum Quotidianum. Krems: Gesellschaft zur Erforschung der materiellen Kultur des Mittelalter; 2009. p. 33-7.
Choyke AM. African Bone Tool Technology. In: Selaine H, editor. Encyclopaedia of the history of science, technology, and medicine in non-western cultures. Vol 2. Berlin: Springer; 2008. p. 406-12.
Choyke AM. Csonteszközvizsgálatok a régészetben. In: Jerem E, Mester Z, Cseh F, editors. .), Oktatónapok Százhalombattán 2, Elöadások a környezetrégészet, az örökségvédelem és az információs technológia régészeti alkalmazása köréből. Budapest: Matrica Múzeum; 2008.
Archaeozoology of the Near East VIII. In: Choyke AM, Buitenhuis H, Vila E, editors. Travaux de la Maison de l’Orient et de la Méditerranée. Lyon: Maison de l'Orient et de la Méditerranée-Jean Pouilloux; 2008.
Choyke AM, Schibler J. Prehistoric Bone Tools: Research in Central Europe. In: Gates C, Walker R, editors. Bones as tools : current methods and interpretations in worked bone studies. Oxford: Archaeopress; 2007. p. 51-65. (BAR International Studies; no 1622).

Mitochondrial DNA analysis shows a Near Eastern Neolithic origin for domestic cattle and no indication of domestication of European aurochs

The extinct aurochs (Bos primigenius primigenius) was a large type of cattle that ranged over almost the whole Eurasian continent. The aurochs is the wild progenitor of modern cattle, but it is unclear whether European aurochs contributed to this process. To provide new insights into the demographic history of aurochs and domestic cattle, we have generated high-confidence mitochondrial DNA sequences from 59 archaeological skeletal finds, which were attributed to wild European cattle populations based on their chronological date and/or morphology. All pre-Neolithic aurochs belonged to the previously designated P haplogroup, indicating that this represents the Late Glacial Central European signature. We also report one new and highly divergent haplotype in a Neolithic aurochs sample from Germany, which points to greater variability during the Pleistocene. Furthermore, the Neolithic and Bronze Age samples that were classified with confidence as European aurochs using morphological criteria all carry P haplotype mitochondrial DNA, suggesting continuity of Late Glacial and Early Holocene aurochs populations in Europe. Bayesian analysis indicates that recent population growth gives a significantly better fit to our data than a constant-sized population, an observation consistent with a postglacial expansion scenario, possibly from a single European refugial population. Previous work has shown that most ancient and modern European domestic cattle carry haplotypes previously designated T. This, in combination with our new finding of a T haplotype in a very Early Neolithic site in Syria, lends persuasive support to a scenario whereby gracile Near Eastern domestic populations, carrying predominantly T haplotypes, replaced P haplotype-carrying robust autochthonous aurochs populations in Europe, from the Early Neolithic onward. During the period of coexistence, it appears that domestic cattle were kept separate from wild aurochs and introgression was extremely rare.

Choyke AM. Bone tools for a lifetime: experience and belonging. In: Astruc L, editor. Normes techniques et pratiques sociales : de la simplicité des outillages pré- et protohistoriques : actes des rencontres, 20-22 octobre 2005. Antibes: APDCA. Association pour la promotion et la diffusion des connaissances archéologiques; 2006. p. 49-60.
Archaeozoology of the Near East IV. In: Choyke AM, Buitenhuis H, Bartosiewicz L, Martin L, editors. ARC Publication. Groningen: Centre for Archeological Research and Consultancy; 2006.
Animal Diversities. Vol 16. Jaritz G, Choyke AM, editors. Krems: Medium Aevum Quotidianum; 2005.
Choyke AM. Bronze Age bone and antler working at the Jászdózsa-Kápolnahalom tell. In: Luik H, Choyke AM, editors. From hooves to horns, from mollusc to mammoth : manufacture and use of bone artifacts from prehistoric times to the present. Tallinn: University of Tartu; 2005. p. 129-56.

Skating with Horses: continuity and parallelism in prehistoric Hungary

The prehistory and history of the Carpathian Basin have long been treated as a series of moszly discontinuous cultural events triggered by population movements largely from the East and South of an ambiguous nature. Twenty years of research into the nature of prehistoric bone working in Hungary, which lies at the center of this geographic region, has begun to reveal spatial and temporal continuities in bone tool. Some of these continuities, cross-cutting modern precepts of archaeological cultures, are found over very wide areas, some are limited to regions within the Carpathian Basin, while others clearly reflect continuous manufacturing traditions within a limited territory.The very special case of bone skates will be examined here. On the one hand, there are skates from the Early and Middle Bronze Age in northwest Hungary that seem to mark continuity in their manufacturing tradition lasting over 1000 years. On the other hand, there are bone skates from the Late Bronze Age, Roman Period Sarmatian and later, Medieval contexts which display a similar use of horse bone to make skates but which represent less social continuity reflected in manufacturing traditions than parallel responses of disparate cultural groups to identical environmental and cultural pressures. This paper seeks to explore the question of both continuity in manufacturing traditions of bone skates in the Bronze Age of western Hungary and the broader relationship between the exploitation of horse in humid plain environments, apparently a necessary but not sufficient variable effecting the use of bone skates in both prehistoric and historic periods.

Choyke AM, Bartosiewicz L. Osseous projectile points from the Swiss Neolithic: taphonomy, typology and function. In: Roksandic M, editor. Violent interactions in the Mesolithic : evidence and meaning. Oxford England: Archaeopress; 2004. p. 75-88. (BAR International Series; no 1237).
Choyke AM, Schibler J, Jacomet S. A lake dwelling on the Lake of Constance. In: Bogucki P, Crabtree PJ, editors. Ancient Europe 8000 B.C. to A.D. 1000: Encyclopedia of the Barbarian World. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons; 2004.
Choyke AM, Schibler J, Jacomet S. Neolithic Lake dwellings in the Alpine region. In: Bogucki P, Crabtree PJ, editors. Ancient Europe 8000 B.C. to A.D. 1000: Encyclopedia of the Barbarian World, vol. 1. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons; 2004. p. 385-92.
Choyke AM. Archaeozoology and the transition from socialism to capitalism: the case of Roman Aquincum. In: Lauwerier R, Plug I, editors. The future from the past : archaeozoology in wildlife conservation and heritage management. Oxford: Oxbow Books; 2004. p. 141-9.
Choyke AM. Backward reflections on ancient enviornments: what can we learn from bone tools? In: Laszlovszky J, Szabó P, editors. People and nature in historical perspective. Budapest Hungary: Central European University Dept. of Medieval Studies & Archaeolingua; 2003. p. 139-56. (CEU medievalia; no 5).
Choyke AM. Animals and Roman lifeways in Aquincum. In: Póczy K, Zsidi P, editors. Forschungen in Aquincum, 1969-2002. Aquincum Nostrum II/2. Budapest: Budapesti Történeti Múzeum; 2003. p. 210-32.
Archaeozoology of the Near East VA. In: Choyke AM, Buitenhuis H, Mashkour M, editors. ARC Publication. Groningen: Centre for Archeological Research and Consultancy; 2002.
Choyke AM. Late Neolithic red deer canine beads and their imitations. In: Choyke A, Bartosiewicz L, editors. Crafting bone : skeletal technologies through time and space. Oxford England: Archaeopress; 2001. p. 251-66. (BAR International Series; no 937).
Choyke AM. A quantitative approach to the concept of quality in prehistoric bone manufacturing. In: Animals and man in the past : essays in honour of Dr. A.T. Clason, emeritus professor of archaeozoology. Groningen: Archeological Research and Consultancy; 2001. p. 59-66. (ARC-Publicatie; no 41).
Choyke AM. Bronze Age antler and bone manufacturing at Arslantepe (Anatolia). In: Choyke AM, Buitenhuis H, Mashkour M, editors. Archaeozoology of the Near East IVA. Groningen: Centre for Archeological Research and Consultancy; 2000. p. 170-83. (ARC Publication; no 32).
Choyke AM. Refuse and modified bone from Százhalombatta-Földvár.Some preliminary observations. In: Poroszlai I, Vicze M, editors. SAX: Százhalombatta Archaeological Expedition. Annual Report 1 – Field Season 1998. Százhalombatta: Matrica Múzeum; 2000.
Archaeozoology of the Near East IVA. In: Choyke AM, Buitenhuis H, Bartosiewicz L, editors. ARC Publication. Groningen: Centre for Archeological Research and Consultancy; 2000.
Choyke AM. Camelid bone implement from Incarracay, Cochabamba Valley, Bolivia. In: Gyarmati J, Varga A, editors. The chacaras of war an Inka state estate in the Cochabamba Valley, Bolivia. Budapest: Museum of Ethnography; 1999. p. 111-3.
Choyke AM. Bone skates: raw material, manufacturing and use. In: Pannonia and beyond : studies in honour of László Barkóczi. Budapest: Archaeological Institute of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences; 1999. p. 148-56. (Antaeus; no 24).
Choyke AM, Bartosiewicz L. Bronze Age animal keeping in Western Hungary. In: Jerem E, Poroszlai I, editors. Archaeology of the Bronze and Iron Age : experimental archaeology, environmental archaeology, archaeological parks. Budapest: Archaeolingua Alapítvány; 1999. p. 239-49. (Archaeolingua Series).
Choyke AM. Bronze Age red deer: case studies from the Great Hungarian Plain. In: Anreiter P, Bartosiewicz L, editors. Man and the animal world : studies in archaeozoology, archaeology, anthropology and palaeolinguistics in memoriam Sándor Bökönyi. Budapest: Archaeolingua Foundation; 1998. p. 157-78.
Choyke AM. Archaeometry at the Aquincum Museum. In: Aquincum: Excavations and Rescue Work at the Aquincum Museum in 1997. Budapesti: Budapesti Történeti Múzeum; 1997. p. 13-8. (Aquincumi füzetek; no 4).
Choyke AM. Polgár-Csőszhalom-dűlő lelőhely csont-, agancs- és agyartárgyainak vizsgálata. In: Raczky P, editor. Utak a múltba : az M3-as autópálya régészeti leletmentései. Budapest: Magyar Nemzeti Múzeum ;Eötvös Loránd Tudományegyetem Régészettudományi Intézet; 1997. p. 157-9.
Choyke AM. Worked animal bone at the Sarmatian site of Gyoma 133. In: Bökönyi S, editor. Cultural and landscape changes in south-east Hungary. Budapest: Archaeolingua alapítvány; 1996. p. 365-446.
Choyke AM, Bartosiewicz L. Die Tierreste aus Iatrus-Krivina (Ausgrabung 1970-1972). In: Iatrus-Krivina : spätantike Befestigung und frühmittelalterliche Siedlung an der unteren Donau. Berlin: Akademie-Verlag; 1995. p. 117-21. (Schriften zur Geschichte und Kultur der Antike; no 17).
Choyke AM, Bartosiewicz L. Taxonomie und Typologie der Knochenartefakte von St. Blaise. In: Kokabi M, Wahl J, editors. Beiträge zur Archäozoologie und prähistorischen Anthropologie. Stuttgart: Landesdenkmalamt Baden-Württemberg, Kommissionsverlag K. Theiss Verlag; 1994. p. 263-8.
Choyke AM, Bartosiewicz L. Angling with bone. In: Neer W, editor. Fish exploitation in the past. Tervuren: Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale; 1994. p. 177-82. (Annalen, Zoologische Wetenschappen; no 274).
Choyke AM. Travail de l'os et de l'ivoire á Kerma. In: Bonnet C, editor. Kerma, royaume de Nubie. Mission archéologique de l'Université de Genéve au Soudan. Geneva: Musée d'Art et d'Histoire; 1990. p. 140-1.
Choyke AM. Modified animal bone. In: Gabler D, editor. The Roman Fort at Ács-Vaspuszta (Hungary) on the Danubian limes. Oxford: BAR,; 1989. p. 624-32. (BAR International Series; no 531).

Animal exploitation and its relationships to bone deposition at Lovasberény – Mihályvár

Analyse archéozoologique des restes osseux de ce site du Bronze moyen type Vatya de Hongrie : évaluation des espèces, sériation numérique, répartition spatiale, interprétation archéologique.

Choyke AM. Patterns in the use of cattle and sheep/goat metapodials in Bronze Age Hungary. In: Grigson C, Clutton-Brock J, editors. Animals and archaeology : 4. Husbandry in Europe. Oxford: B.A.R.; 1984. p. 57-66. (BAR International Series; no 227).

Faunal information offered by worked bone assemblages

Tentative d'évaluation de la répartition, par espèce, des déchets osseux, à partir de l'analyse de l'industrie osseuse de plusieurs sites de l'Age du Bronze de trois régions hongroises. L'établissement de rapports statistiquement signifiants entre les ossements travaillés (outils préconçus et accidentels), et les déchets, s'avère possible seulement pour le cerf, et seulement pour l'échantillon examiné. On souligne qu'outre les os, cette espèce fournit surtout les bois avec lesquels sont fabriqués la plupart des outils préconçus. Ceci pose le problème de la proportion de bois récoltés en dehors de la chasse. De même il reste à évaluer dans quelle mesure la chasse au cerf servait les buts alimentaires.

Pitfalls in the analysis of animal production at complex settlements

Etude des facteurs taphonomiques affectant les fréquences d'ossements animaux retrouvés dans les assemblages archéologiques d'après 3 sites de l'Age du Bronze en Hongrie. Différenciation entre les facteurs taphonomiques et les facteurs culturels

Choyke AM. An analysis of bone, antler and tooth tools from Bronze Age Hungary. Mitt. Arch. Inst. UAdW.Mitteilungen des Archäologischen Instituts der Ungarischen Akademie der Wissenschaften. 1984;(12-13):13-57.
Choyke AM, Bartosiewicz L. Comments on cattle astragali from Pit 55 at Lovasberény – Mihályvár. Mitt. Arch. Inst. UAdW.Mitteilungen des Archäologischen Instituts der Ungarischen Akademie der Wissenschaften. 1982;(10-11):253-240.