Publications of Bak, J.M.
Lists in the Service of Legitimation in Central European Sources
Book review : The Legacy of King Matthias Reconsidered
This article reviews the book “The Legacy of King Matthias Reconsidered edited by Marcus Tanner, András Kubinyi, Péter Farbaky et al.
Deér József és az országalmák
József Deér and the orb
V chem, sostvenno, bylo delo? : Tseli i programmy vengerskoi revoliutsii 1956 goda
What was it all about? Aims and programs of the Hungarian revolution of 1956
Sigismund and the Ottoman Advance
Political uses of historical comparisons : medieval and modern Hungary
Discusses Hungarian origin myths in medieval historiography and their re-use in modern politics.
Book review : At the Gate of Christendom : Jews, Muslims and ‘Pagans’ in Medieval Hungary
This article reviews the book "At the Gate of Christendom : Jews, Muslims and ‘Pagans’ in Medieval Hungary" by Nóra Berend.
Servitude in the medieval kingdom of Hungary (a sketchy outline)
Discusses in particular the work of Ilona BOLLA (1927-1980), Jenő SZŰCS (1928-1988), and Pál ENGEL (1938-2002)
Monotheistic Kingship: The Medieval Variants
This volume of essays intends to present diverse aspects of monotheistic kingship during the Middle Ages in two general-theoretical articles and a series of case studies on the relationship of religion and rulership. The authors discuss examples of the role of religion based on both textual and iconic evidence in Carolingian, Ottonian and late medieval western Europe; in Byzantium and Armenia; Georgia; Hungary; the Khazar Khanate; Poland, and Rus. Two studies explore the issue in medieval Jewish and Islamic political thought. The editors hope that these special inquiries will engender more comparative studies on the subject.
Carl Schmitt and Erik Peterson on the problem of political theology : a footnote to Kantorowicz
Survey of the debate about the terminology of political theology
Discusses both Christian and Muslim political thought.
Herrschergestalten des mittelalterlichen Königreichs Ungarn in der neueren deutschen Mediävistik
Insignia of Rulership in Medieval East-Central Europe
Legitimization of Rulership in Three Narratives from Twelfth-Century Central Europe
This article attempts to reconstruct the ideas about legitimization of rulership from three narratives of the twelfth century: the Gesta principum Polonorum (traditionally assigned to an anonymous Gallus, ca. 1118), the Gesta Hungarorum of the anonymous notary from ca. 1200, and the early parts (probably written before ca. 1120) of the so-called Hungarian National Chronicle. While the Polish gesta underlines good lordship and acceptance of the rulers abroad, the notary emphasizes noble origin of the dynasty and the consent of the great men of the realm. The Chronicle is ambiguous on the matter: either legiti-mate descent or suitability (idoneitas) of the ruler is presented as essential, depending on when the relevant passages were written. Leadership and victory in war is a central element of legitimization in all three texts. Alone the Chronicle records ecclesiastical sanction virtually for every king, but divine support is presumed for all leaders, even the pagan ones by all the authors. In summary, it is being proposed that the various discourses of legitimization do not necessarily reflect different types of lordship, but rather demonstrate the wide palette of political ideas in twelfth century Central Europe.
Book review : The Realm of St Stephen : A History of Medieval Hungary, 895–1526
This article reviews the book "The Realm of St Stephen : A History of Medieval Hungary, 895–1526" by Pál Engel.
Book chapter : Urzustand und Sündenfall in der mittelalterlichen Gesellschafts- und Staatstheorie
This article reviews the book "Urzustand und Sündenfall in der mittelalterlichen Gesellschafts- und Staatstheorie" by Bernhard Töpfer.
Politicheskie funktsii sravnitelnoi istorii
Policial functions of comparative history in Homo Historicus. Essays in Memory of Yuri Bessmertny on the 80th Anniversary of His Birth.
Consensus and assemblies in early medieval central and eastern Europe
Discusses references to assemblies and consensus in the laws of St. Stephen and St. Ladislas (Hungary), in the description of a legal enactment of Duke Břetislav from Bohemia (as reported by Cosmas of Prague), and in the Gesta principum Polonorum as well as discussing general meetings of inhabitants of early Russian towns (veche).
Book review : A magyar középkor telefonkönyve
Tiszteletkör Engel Pálról includes four reviews, one of them is written by Bak J.M.This article reviews the book "The Realm of St. Stephen. A History of Medieval Hingary, 895-1526" by Pál Engel.
Új könyvek, új viták az ezredik év Közép-Európájáról
New debates, new books on Central Europe around 1000 A.D.
Studien zum Kleinadel Ostmitteluropas im Mittelalter : Proben aus der Werkstatt junger Historiker
Preface to research dossier “Nobility in Medieval Central Europe : A Comparative Approach” containing 10 papers edited by J.M. Bak, written by participants of a research project 1996–99, led by J.M. Bak and supported by CEU Research Grant.(pp. 135–248)
Book review : Rainer M. János : Nagy Imre
This article reviews the book "Nagy Imre" by Rainer M. János.
Book review : The Realm of St. Stephen
This article reviews the book "The realm of St. Stephen" by Pál Engel.
Issues and resources for the study of medieval Central and Eastern Europe : reports and articles
CARA-CEU Summer Institute, 2000, Budapest-Cracow-Prague"The present booklet constitutes a partial harvest of the Summer University / Summer Institute organised by the Central European University. Dept. of Medieval Studies Budapest and the Medieval Academy of America. Committee on Centers and Regional Associations (CARA) in cooperation with the Centre for Medieval Studies (Prague) in July-August 2000" – preface.Contents: Reports: short final reports of the participants in their native language (in Russian, Lithuanian, Polish, Georgian etc.) -- Articles (in English; 1 essay in French) -- Research resources for medievalists in Hungary (bibliography).
Magyar királyi jelvények a középkorban
Hungarian royal insignia in the Middle Ages.Surveys the current state of research on the age and nature of the Hungarian royal insignia, notably with questions regarding the orb and the casula, the later coronation mantle.
Schlußwort : Aufhebbare Schlagbäume zwischen Disziplinen?
Historische Zeitschrift, Beiheft 32 : Unaufhebbare Pluralität der Kulturen?
Magicheskie i dinasticheskie legitimatsii
Magic and dynastic legitimization
Percy Ernst Schramm (1895-1970) P.E. Schrammról
Publishes the unedited text of an interview with the medievalist P.E. Schramm, made in 1970, with a historiographical introduction.
Book review : Höfische Kultur in Südost-Europa
This article reviews the book "Höfische Kultur in Südost-Europa" edited by Reinhard Lauer and Hans Georg Maier (Göttingen, 1994).
Book review : Where to look up ‘horka’?
This article reviews Korai Magyar Történeti Lexikon (9-14. század) edited by Gy. Kristó (Budapest: Akadémiai, 1994)
Book review : Höfische Kultur in Südosteuropa : Bericht der Kolloquien der Südosteuropa-Komission 1988 bis 1990
This article reviews the book Höfische Kultur in Südosteuropa : Bericht der Kolloquien der Südosteuropa-Komission 1988 bis 1990 edited by R. Lauer und H. G. Majer (Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht: 1994).
Szimbólum -- jel -- intézmény : a középkor szimbólumai: rendszerezési kísérlet
Symbol -- sign -- institution (symbols of the Middle Ages: an attempt at systematisation).Discusses the origin of symbols and their functions, the forms and types of signs, with several medieval examples (e.g. royal/imperial crowns).
Néhány kérdés a többnyelvűségről a középkori magyar társadalomban
Some questions about multilingualism in medieval Hungarian society
Percy Ernst Schramm (1894-1970)
Discusses the life and work of this scholar of the medieval state and founder of systematic research into the iconography of rulership.