Publications of Mnatsakanian, R.A.
Okhrana prirody Rossii : ot Gorbacheva do Putina
Nature protection in Russia form Gorbachev to Putin
Economic transition and environmental sustainability : effects of economic restructuring on air pollution in the Russian Federation
Economic liberalization in former socialist countries may have various implications for their environmental sustainability. Positive effects of this process are potentially associated with improved efficiency, investments into cleaner technologies, responsiveness to environmentally aware markets, and ending subsidies to heavy industries. On the other hand, market liberalization may result in weaker environmental controls, economic instabilities distracting attention from environmental issues, and increasing orientation towards profit-making leading to more intensive exploitation of natural resources. In addition, trade liberalization may result in shifts towards more pollution and resource-intensive industries.This article seeks to quantify effects of economic restructuring in Russia on air pollution from productive economic sectors in the 1990s. Air pollution in Russia had significantly declined in 1991-1999, however, this decline was largely due to economic decline, as the overall pollution intensity of the economy had decreased only slightly. The factors that affected the pollution intensity are: (1) a decrease in the combined share of industrial and transport activities in the economy and (2) changing pollution intensities of the industrial and transport sectors.The pollution intensity of the Russian industry had remained relatively stable during the 1990s. This was the result of the two opposite and mutually canceling trends: (a) increasing shares of pollution-intensive branches such as metal smelting and oil production vs. less pollution intensive manufacturing and (b) decline in pollution intensities within the industrial branches. The article proposes a methodology by which the contribution of both factors to the overall pollution intensity of the industrial sector can be quantified.The pollution intensity of the Russian transport sector appears to have declined in the first half of the 1990s and increased in the second half. The most recent trend can be explained by a rising proportion of private motorcars used for transportation of people and goods instead of traditional rail and other public transport.The findings of the paper demonstrate that shifts towards more pollution-, resource- and energy-intensive industries as a result of economic liberalization emerges as a significant negative factor of the process of economic transition threatening sustainability of emerging market economies. A research agenda to further investigate these impacts is proposed.
Environmental Impact Assessment in the Former Soviet Union in its Historical Context
Based on papers and proceedings of the CEU Summer University Workshop, Budapest July 1996; updated Autumn 1997; finalised for publication December 1999 – t.p. verso
Globalnaia ekologicheskaia perspektiva, 2000
Globalnaia ekologicheskaia perspektiva, 2000 : doklad IUNEP o sostoianii okruzhaiushchei sredy v kontse tysiacheletiia
Environmental reporting in Central and Eastern Europe : a review of selected publications and frameworks
CEU Research project "Re-evaluation of Information on the State of the Environment in CEE and the former USSR"
Our Planet is the United Nations Magazine for Environmentally Sustainable Development.
Okhrana naslediia za rubezhom : opyt proshlogo i sovremennye problemy : sbornik statei
On the International Experience of Preservation of Cultural and Natural Heritage. Collection of Articles. Published by the Research Institute for Cultural and Natural Heritage. Editor-in-chief and author of preface and one article. Moscow, 1995.
Preservation of Heritage in Britain
Territoria, Journal on Cultural and Natural Heritage. Published by the Research Institute for Cultural and Natural Heritage.
Glasnost, Perestroika and Eco-Sovietology
Selected papers from the IV World Congress on Soviet and East European Studies, Harrogate, July 1990
Ecological Sovietology (in Russian)
Energiia : Journal of the Presidium of the USSR Academy of Sciences
Principles of Information about the State of the Environment in the USA (in Russian)
Information bulletin of the Research Centre "Ecologia"
Transboundary Atmospheric Pollution and the Problems of assessing its Damage (in Russian)
Transboundary Atmospheric Pollution and the Problems of assessing its Damage (with G.Motkin and I. Altshuler). Moscow, edition VINITI, 1988 [IN RUSSIAN].