Publications of Kovács, A.
Antisemitic Prejudice and Political Antisemitism in Present-Day Hungary
The article analyzes the newest survey results on antisemitic prejudices, antisemitic political discourses, and political antisemitism in present-day Hungary. According to the research findings, during the first decade and a half after the fall of communism, 10%-15% of the Hungarian adult population held a strong antisemitic prejudice. Surveys conducted after 2006 show not oly an increase in the absolute percentage of antisemites, but also an increase in the proportion of antisemites who embed their antisemitism in the political context. This phenomenon is linked with the appearance on the political scene of Jobbik, a more or less openly antisemitic party. When examining the causes of antisemitism, the most interesting finding was that the strength of antisemitic feelings is region-ally different and that these differences correlate with the strength of Jobbik’s support in the various regions. Accordingly, we hypothesized that support for a far-right party is not a cause of antisemitism, but conversely should be regarded as a factor that mobilizes attitudes leading to antisemitism. Thus, antisemitism is—at least in large part—a consequence of an attraction to the far right rather than an explanation for it. While analyzing antisemitic discourse, we found that the primary func-tion of the discourse is not to formulate anti-Jewish political demands but to establish a common identity for groups that, for various reasons and motives, have turned against the liberal parliamentary system that replaced communism.
A másik szeme : zsidók és antiszemiták a háború utáni Magyarországon
The Eye of the Other : Jews and Antisemites in Post-War Hungary
Volt-e magyar ’68?
This article was presented at an international conference, 22-23, May 2008, Budapest.Was there a Hungarian 1968?
A filozófus félelme az erdőszélen
György Bence: Political Philosophy Papers 1990-2006
A kéznél lévő idegen : antiszemita előítéletek a mai Magyarországon
Stranger at hand : Antisemitic prejudices in post-communist Hungary
Identitások és lojalitások
Identities and loyalities
National Identities in Times of Supra-National Challenges : The Debates on NATO and Neutrality in Austria and Hungary
After the end of the Cold War, vigorous discussions developed about new alternatives in security policy in almost all the countries of the former Warsaw Pact & in neutral & non-aligned states, including Austria & Hungary. The comparison of the debates in Austria & Hungary over the last 50 years, focusing on presidential speeches on the one hand & on opinion polls on the other (among many other data sources), shed light on the identity policy aspect of these discourses. The argumentation strategies used by the supporters & by the opponents of different security policies were analyzed, illustrating the fact that in Austria, neutrality is still perceived as an integral part of national identity, whereas in Hungary, joining NATO is viewed as a possibility of finally "belonging" to the West. 5 Tables, 3 Figures, 34 References. Adapted from the source document.
Magyar zsidópolitika : Magyar zsidó politika a háború végétől a kommunista rendszer bukásáig
Jewish Politics in Hungary between the end of the war and the fall of the Communist system
Zsidók és zsidóság a mai Magyarországon : egy szociológiai kutatás eredményei
Jews and Jewry in contemporary Hungary
Zsidók a mai Magyarországon : Az 1999-ben végzett szociológiai felmérés eredményeinek elemzése
Jews in contemporary Hungary
Assimilatione e politica ebraica nell’Ungheria moderna
Jewish Assimilation and Jewish Politics in modern HungaryArticle published in the special issue of the journal "La Rassegna Mensile di Israel".
Idegengyűlölet és a nyugat-európai szélsőjobboldal
Xenophobia and the Extreme-Right in the West
Az antiszemitizmus percepciója a mai magyar zsidó társadalomban
The perception of anti-Semitism among Hungarian Jews today
Zsidó csoportok és identitásstratégiák a mai Magyarországon
Jewish Groups and Identity Strategies in Contemporary Hungary
Public Identity in Defining the Boundaries of Public and Private : The Example of Latent Anti-Semitism
The extent of latent anti-Semitic prejudice in Hungary is examined. Survey data from adults indicate that anti-Semitic respondents felt greater latency pressure than non-anti-Semitic participants; differences between high latency & low latency non-anti-Semites were clear; & right- & left-wing anti-Semitic respondents expressed their dislike of Jews in distinct terms & perceived their capacity to articulate such aversion differently. It is concluded that leftist anti-Semites are much more aware of their latency than are their right-wing counterparts; moreover, anti-Semitism appears to function as a cultural & political code in contemporary Hungary. 8 Tables, 19 References. J. W. Parker
Tanulmányok az antiszemitizmusról
Essays on anti-Semitism
Zsidók és magyarok : a mai magyar egyetemi hallgatók sztereotípiái
Jews and Hungarians : Stereotypes of Hungarian University Students today
Vallás és vallásosság a mai magyar egyetemisták körében
Religion and religiosity among university students in contemporary Hungary
Nagyítás : szociológiai könyvek
The modern anti-Semitism
Wie ich schließlich bemerkt habe, daß ich Jude bin
How did I find out that I was a Jew? : Interviews
Antiszemitizmus Magyarországon az 1990-es években
Antisemitism in Hungary after 1990
Az antiszemitizmus mint társadalomtudományos probléma
Antisemitism as a problem of social sciences
A zsidóüldözések, a Holocaust és a történelmi felelősség a mai magyar közvéleményben
The Holocaust, the Persecution of Jews and Historical Responsibility in the Hungarian Public Opinion
Antisemitismus im heutigen Ungarn
Antisemitism in Hungary today
A latens antiszemitizmus mérése
The results of a 1995 survey (N = 1,500 adults) measuring the strength & persistence of anti-Semitic attitudes in Hungary are analyzed in terms of gender, age, residence, & education. Analysis shows that fully 25% of the Hungarian population can be considered anti-Semitic. These findings are subject to a latency analysis, investigating the suppression of honest responses when questions involve prejudice. It is concluded that the 1995 estimates of the presence of anti-Semitism should be increased to 27%-35%. 10 Tables, 13 References. Adapted from the source document.
Die demokratische Linke und die Gleichschaltung in Osteuropa : Das Beispiel Ungarn
The Democratic Left and the Establishment of Soviet Rule in Eastern Europe : The Hungarian Case
A különbség köztünk van : az antiszemitizmus és a fiatal elit
The difference is between us : Antisemitism and the young elite
A magyar szociáldemokrácia és az 1956-os forradalom
The Hungarian Social-Democracy and the Revolutioin in 1956
Asszimiláció és identitáskeresés
Assimilation and search for identity
Book review : The Cultural Comissar with the Human Touch
This article reviews the book “Aczél és korunk” by Sándor Révész.
Book review: Aczél és korunk
This article reviews the book "Aczél és korunk" by Sándor Révész.Aczél and our age : Comments on a book
Examines the resurgence of open ethnocentrism & anti-Semitism in postcommunist Hungary to address whether anti-Semitism will remain on the fringes or become a central way of thinking, which depends on the elites' capacity to tolerate it. Interview data gathered in 1992 from 1,000 college students indicated that 32% held collective negative beliefs about Jewish people; factors related to this included social, educational, & financial status of subjects' parents & type & location of educational institution attended. Analysis revealed two types of anti-Semitic views: xenophobic & identity forming. The dynamics & possibility of spread of these two ways of thinking are discussed. 28 Tables, 1 Figure, 43 References. T. Shimane
Did the Losers Really Win? An Analysis of Electoral Behavior in Hungary in 1994
Hungarian behavior during the 1994 elections is used to challenge purveying deep-freeze theories blaming citizen unrest on a historical buildup of state-inflicted aggravation. An attempt is made to identify the portions of the Hungarian population who helped successors to the Communist Party win the elections, drawing on (1) sociodemographic data gathered from a poll of 1,000 voters from Hungary's six major political parties during the Apr 1994 elections; (2) a 1995 poll (N = 1,500 respondents) to track public anomie regarding market developments since 1991; & (3) a comparison of levels of trust between Hungarian Socialist Party members & the rest of the electoral body. By following attitudes among all voting groups, a number of different attitude coalitions were shown to have developed as a result of random & momentary political events. 1 Table, 3 Diagrams, 5 References. D. Bajo
Parties and voters : On electoral victory of Hungarian socialists
Two lectures on the electoral victory of the Hungarian socialists : Part I.The outcome of the Hungarian election obviously continues the surprising trend taking place since the fall of Communism. It is important to stress that the party system in Hungary has the absence of tradition as its main characteristic. Thus, the newly formed traditional parties, like the Small Holders and the Social Democratic parties, were unable to attain solid support. The important parties after 1989 were new parties, created by different elite groups formed during the late Kadarist period. In the period of party formation, a stratum with many common roots, with many similar social-demographic, stratificational and mobility characteristics, was differentiated into different parties. This fact has strengthened the strong need to develop party identities which was already present due to the absence of traditions. But it also explains why generational experience has become a central dimension of party development and party choice and elite groups orient themselves in fundamentally different directions. It is for this reason that old cultural conflicts and polarities, like the conflict between populist and urbanist intellectuals, has reemerged so strongly, and that symbolic questions concerning the coat of arms, holidays, historical events and personages play such a huge role in political debates.
Jews in Budapest
Mondd, kit nem választanál? A negatív kampány esélyeiről
Whom wouldn't you choose? On the role of prejudices in the Hungarian electoral campaign
Szimbólumok valósága : Körösényi András: "Bal és jobb : Az európai és a magyar politikai paletta" c. cikkéhez
The reality of symbols