Abstract

Occupational Struggles and Anti-Semitism : Chronicle of the Rise of Fascism in the Hungarian Medical Corps, 1920-1944The rise of anti-Semitism in the 1930s in Hungary was accompanied in medical circles by intensified competition between Jewish & non-Jewish MDs for the most lucrative sectors of the health market, & by increasingly firm state intervention to regulate this market (particularly by developing health insurance schemes). The corporatist-style MDs' federations, set up by the state in 1936 to counterbalance the growing influence of the right-wing MDs, were sites of confrontation between the pro-fascist & liberal sections of the medical corps. Even after the anti-Jewish legislation of 1938 & 1939 (which limited the proportion of Jewish MDs in the federations to first 20% & then 6%), the government continued to resist anti-Semitic extremism & applied the repressive laws in a liberal way so as to prevent disorganization of the public health service. The German invasion in Mar 1944 brought this liberal policy to an end, replacing it with the "final solution".