Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association, Marriott Wardman Park, Omni Shoreham, Washington Hilton, Washington, DC, Sep 01, 2005 The article examines why a state will target some minorities for political exclusion, but not others. Quiescent minorities suffer just as much, if not more, political repression as rebellious minorities, according to large-N analysis of minority repression in the 1990s. It suggested that there are two distinct logics of minority repression, one that applies to rebel groups and the other that applies to quiescent minorities.