Examines Ahmad Faris Al-Sidyaq's writings from the late 1840s to the middle of 1850s during which he worked on his Bible translations, wrote the Gospel critique and published the first Arab novel. Association of Christianity with modernity; Origins and links between Al-Sidyaq's writings; Criticisms of his novel `al-Saq 'ala l-Saq fi ma huwa l-Faryaq'; Cognitive and literary perceptions in the novel.