Abstract

NATO is to this day first and foremost a defensive alliance. But beyond classic notions of security policy, it has another potential. Unlike the European Union, it keeps the door open for new members from Eastern Europe and the southern Caucasus. Therefore, for states such as Ukraine, the incentive is greater to meet NATO's requirements. The alliance contributes to the establishment of democratic processes by making civilian control over the military a precondition to accession. And it promotes - starting with the arms sector - a market economy. This has also been the case in Ukraine since the Orange Revolution.