This paper contains the Spanish translation of the presentation “Archives, archivists, archival paradigms: challenges in the information society” recorded live at the conference “Access to Archives and Information: Towards a new epistemic community”, University of Palermo, Buenos Aires, 8 October 2013, and published in the volume “Hacia una política integral de gestión de la información pública. Todo lo que siempre quisimos saber sobre archivos (y nunca nos animamos a preguntarle al acceso a la información)”, edited by Natalia Torres. The paper provides an overview of the raison d’etre of archives, the paradigms of archival history, the types of information preserved in archives, the possible convergence of records management and archival practice, and the challenges of the information society.