This volume is dedicated to the year 1308. Its object is to open new perspectives with an invitation to reconsider our habitual viewpoints, to sharpen and extend them - by considering the year 1308, but also going beyond that year and its historical periphery. Beginning with a detailed local description, attention is drawn to a variety of thematic and methodological facets: perception of events, also bearing the discovery of new worlds in mind, Johannes Duns Scotus in context, theology in Paris, philosophy in Italy, medicine and poetry, Europe’s boarders, orthodoxy and heresy, 1308 reflected in art, and from Jewish and Islamic perspectives.