Based on extensive primary source material and oral history interviews, this book is the first comprehensive study of women´s political involvement in post-World War II Hungary. It addresses the impact of the spread of communism and describes how some key organizations, such as the Feminist Association, various Jewish women´s societies, and the women´s section of the Social Democratic and Smallholders´ Party gradually ceased to exist and were replaced by a single communist-dominated women´s organization. The book includes a case study of women who entered the police force, a profession previously closed to them. A chapter is devoted to the life stories of communist women activists appointed to key positions after 1945.